There are many ways to compare and contrast the features of items, people, events, etc. Many types of graphic organizers make it easier to examine these similarities and differences, including Venn diagrams, charts, and others.
A Venn Diagram is a graphic organizer that is made up of two or three overlapping circles. In mathematics, Venn diagrams are used to visualize the relationship between two or three sets. Venn diagrams can also be used to compare and contrast the characteristics of any other items, like groups of people, individual people, books, characters, animals, etc. The English mathematician John Venn invented the Venn diagram in 1880.
A chart diagram (also called a matrix diagram or a table) is a type of graphic organizer that condenses and organizes data about multiple traits associated with many items or topics. Charts can be used to show attributes of items, to compare and contrast topics, and to evaluate information. For example, a chart can be used to create a display of arthropod characteristics. Or a chart can be used to show key inventions, noting who invented them, when, where and why they were invented. Or a chart can be used to compare and contrast the major features of plant and animal cells or to chart plant growth. Semantic Feature Analysis, is a grid that is used to examine the similarities and differences of a group of items, people, events etc.
Venn Diagram Worksheets to Print:
Pick two animals, then compare and contrast them using a Venn diagram.
Chart Worksheets to Print:
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FROGS vs. TOADS
Many people don’t know the difference between frogs and toads. They are quite different animals, although they belong to the same animal group.
- Need to live near water
- Have smooth, moist skin that makes them look “slimy”.
- Have a narrow body
- Have higher, rounder, bulgier eyes
- Have longer hind legs
- Take long high jumps
- Have many predators
- Do not need to live near water to survive
- Have rough, dry, bumpy skin
- Have a wider body
- Have lower, football shaped eyes
- Have shorter, less powerful hind legs
- Will run or take small hops rather than jump
- Do not have many predators. Toad’s skin lets out a bitter taste and smell that burns the eyes and nostrils of its predators, much like a skunk does.
And neither frogs nor toads will give you warts! That is just a myth.